Diagnosis Of Kidney Stones

The diagnosis of kidney stones could take a lot of different critical processes. On the suspicion of the condition, different diagnostic tests are advised. The tests and procedures for the diagnosis of kidney stones can include:

Imaging:–

The result of imaging tests could show the presence of stones. By this diagnosis of kidney stones method, the abnormality could be identified in the urinary tract.

Furthermore, a process known as dual energy or high-speed Computerized Tomography (CT) has the ability to even reveal very tiny stones. Another process is the simple abdominal X-ray.

Also, this can be used for the diagnosis of stones. However, this second process is used less frequently. This is due to the fact that it could miss out on tinier stones.

Blood Testing For Kidney Stones:–

The essence of blood test in this diagnosis of kidney stones is to show the quantity of uric acid or calcium in the blood. Results from this test could show an excess of uric acid or calcium in the blood.

With results from blood tests the health of your kidney could be closely followed. The results from these tests would determine whether the doctor would check for other more serious medical conditions. Again, this could be used as diagnosis for kidney stones.

Analysis Of Kidney Stones Passed Out:–

diagnosis of kidney stones

Sometimes, it may become necessary to urinate and pass out stones. This urine would be collected through a strainer. Subsequently, these stones undergo laboratory tests. This process of diagnosis of kidney stones would reveal the makeup and nature of the stones.

Interestingly, this information can be used to determine the cause of the stones. Consequently, this would help in planning on how best to prevent further occurrences.

Urine Testing:–

This is a simple process that involves the collection of urine over a period of 24 hours. The urine collected could reveal the excretion of excess stone forming substances. Also, it could show the removal of a rather little quantity of minerals that prevent the formation of stones.

Usually, you would be required to collect samples of your urine twice. Again, this collection will be done in two consecutive days. This is another option for the diagnosis of kidney stones.

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Ultrasound:–

Ultrasound is a non-invasive method for the diagnosis of kidney stones. Again, it is very easy to perform. Also, it could be done very quickly. This method uses imaging for the diagnosis.

Prevention Of Kidney Stones

prevention of kidney stones

The prevention of kidney stones may require some medications. Also, it would require some changes to one’s lifestyle.

Changes To Lifestyle

You could greatly reduce the risk of getting stones if you make some changes to your lifestyle. Also, you would have to imbibe some habits. These changes to lifestyle for the prevention of kidney stones can include:

Reduce Intake Of Oxalate Foods:

The doctor would have to examine you to better understand the type of stones you form. The stones you form could be due to calcium oxalate. In that case, you would have to stop taking foods that contain oxalates.

Some foods that are rich in oxalate include Swiss chard, chocolate, beets, nuts, rhubarb, soy products, spinach, sweet potatoes, okra, tea, black pepper and other foods. Reducing the intake of these foods would be helpful in the prevention of kidney stones.

Take Enough Water Everyday:

It is important to take more than enough water every day of our lives. Water does not have an overdose. This is very important for people who have had stones before. So, such people should take enough water.

This would enable them to pass out at least two litres of urine on a daily basis. Consequently, you may be required to keep a proper record of the quantity of urine you give out daily.

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This is to ensure that you are passing out the required minimum quantity of urine. This should be about two litres or 2.1 quarts. Therefore, this process would help ensure that you are taking enough water daily. Again, this is important in the prevention of kidney stones.

Sometimes, you may need to drink even more water. This would include situations whereby one stays in a very hot climate. Again, it may become necessary if one exercises very regularly.

The purpose of taking enough water in these cases is to produce the required quantity of urine. Your urine is supposed to be clear and very light. This would be the indication that you are taking enough water.

Reduce Intake Of Animal Protein And Salt

This is very important in the prevention of kidney stones. It is necessary to reduce the amount of salt that goes into your body system. Also, it is necessary to reduce the intake of animal protein.

Consequently, you should consider sources of protein that do not come from animals. This can include protein from legumes. Mr. Dash would be a good alternative to salt. You may not stop taking foods that are rich in calcium. However, you should exercise restraint with the use of calcium supplements.

All the same, the intake of calcium from foods does not adversely affect or increase the risk of stones. So, unless otherwise advised by the doctor you should continue taking foods that are rich in calcium.

However, calcium supplements have been linked to increased risk of stones. You should seek professional counsel on avoiding calcium supplements for the prevention of kidney stones.

Taking the supplements together with normal meals could reduce the risk of stones. Conversely, in some people the intake of meals that contain calcium even in low quantities could increase the risk of stones.

While you are fighting for the prevention of kidney stones you can obtain referral from a doctor. With this referral you can meet a dietitian. The dietitian should be able to plan your meals for you.

Medications For Kidney Stones

medications for kidney stones

With the use of medications for kidney stones, it is possible to monitor the level of salt and minerals in the urine. This could be useful in monitoring the progress of people who develop some type of stones.

Furthermore, the type of medications for kidney stones you will take will depend on the type of stones you developed. The following are some types of kidney stones together with their appropriate medications:

Struvite Stones—

There is a very helpful way to prevent struvite stones. This is by adopting strategies that remove bacteria from your urine. These bacteria are the ones responsible for infection. Some of these strategies include taking enough fluid.

Read Also: Causes Of Kidney Stones: Symptoms, Types And Risk Factors

This would be necessary to ensure regular and normal flow of urine. Again, it will be helpful for regular flushing of the system. Sometimes, the use of antibiotics for a long time can achieve this. Usually, the antibiotics should be used in small doses.

Also, it could be used in intermittent doses. So, shortly before surgery a doctor could recommend the use of antibiotics. Again, it may be recommended shortly after surgery to remove stones. This entire process is one of the very effective medications for kidney stones.

Calcium Stones—

Some medications for kidney stones can prevent the formation of calcium stones. Some of these medications include thiazide diuretic. Also, it could be treated with a preparation of mixtures that contain phosphate.

Cystine Kidney Stones—

It is important to adopt diet that contains very little amount of protein and salt. This is one of the important medications for kidney stones. It is especially necessary against cystine stones. Also, it would be necessary to take more fluids.

This would ensure adequate production of urine. Another method could be adopted if this proves to be ineffective or inadequate. This additional medication will be aimed at making cystine more soluble in urine.

Uric Acid Stones—

One of the other effective medications for kidney stones is allopurinol (Zyloprim, Aloprim). This medication would help to reduce the level of uric acid in your blood and urine.

Also, it would help to keep your urine in an alkaline state. In the same vein, a mixture of an alkilizing agent with allopurinol can help in dissolving uric acid stones.

 

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