Treatments For Glaucoma
There are quite a good number of effective treatments for glaucoma. However, it is important to undergo proper diagnosis for the disease. Also, its methods of prevention should be taken seriously.
As one of the means of treatments for glaucoma, the use of eye drops may be effective. Also, some oral medications could be dried out. Again, microsurgery could be used to bring down the pressure of the eyes.
Some of the options of treatments for glaucoma can include:
Glaucoma Eye Drops
Eye drops as one of the effective treatments for glaucoma can be useful in bringing down the pressure of the eyes. Usually, they work by making it possible to produce more fluid in the eyes. Also, they work by making more fluid to flow out.
Furthermore, the treatment could come with some side effects. These can include:
- Blurred vision
- Irritated eyes
Again, some of the drugs used as treatments for glaucoma could affect the heart. Also, it could affect the lungs. Therefore, you should always keep your doctor updated concerning all the medications you are taking. Again, you should inform him of drugs you are allergic to.
Laser Surgery For Glaucoma
In the case of open-angle glaucoma, this process can increase the flow out of fluid from the eyes. In the case of angle closure glaucoma, this process can prevent the blockage of fluid.
The procedures involved in this could include:
Iridotomy: this is one of the treatments for glaucoma whose aim is to enable better flow of fluid. Usually, this is achieved through a process of creating a tiny hole in the iris.
Microsurgery: this is one of the treatments for glaucoma. Normally, it is referred to as trabeculectomy. In this process the doctor would create a new channel in the eyes. This new channel will be provided to remove the fluid in the eyes.
Also, this would reduce the pressure in the eyes. It may be necessary to undergo this surgery more than once. Sometimes, a tube could be implanted. This tube would be used to drain the fluid from the eyes. Unfortunately, this process could produce some side effects. These can include:
- Permanent or temporary loss of vision
Trabeculoplasty: this is a process that is used to open a channel. Usually, this channel opens up the drainage system.
As part of treatments for glaucoma the doctor could recommend some oral medications. These medications would be taken through the mouth. These treatments can include an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase.
Again, it could be a beta-blocker. These medications can be useful in two ways:
- First, they could open up the drainage system more
- Again, they could slow down the production of fluid
A type of glaucoma known as congenital or infant glaucoma is treated with surgery. Usually, this type comes with birth. Also, it is as a result of drainage system problem.
Most times, the open angle glaucoma is treated with more than one procedure. Usually, it is treated with microsurgery, laser trabeculoplasty and eye drops.
Oftentimes, the doctors would begin with simple medications. However, implementing microsurgery or laser surgery early enough would often prove to be more effective in most people.
Diagnosis Of Glaucoma
During the diagnosis of glaucoma some important tests would be run. Normally, these tests do not cause any pains. Also, they may not take long. In these tests the doctor will check the vision.
Usually, they would examine the eyes. First, they would have to dilate or widen the pupils. Widening the pupils can be achieved with the use of eye drops.
Furthermore, in the diagnosis of glaucoma, the doctors would examine the optic nerves. Actually, this would be to check for the signs of glaucoma. Sometimes, they would have to take snapshots of your eyes. This would enable them to identify changes when you visit again.
Again, they would have to run a proper test to check the pressure of the eyes. This test is known as tonometry. Again, they would check to ensure that your peripheral vision is still intact. Normally, this would be achieved with a visual field test.
Also, in order to form a proper diagnosis of glaucoma the doctors would check for deteriorations. Sometimes, nerve tissues could be lost. Again, the doctors can adopt any of the following procedures:
This test for the diagnosis of glaucoma is also called a visual field test. It has a way of telling to what extent glaucoma has affected the vision.
Usually, this would be achieved through a proper measurement of the central vision. Also, the side or peripheral vision would be measured.
Tonometry Test For Glaucoma
This is one of the most important classes of tests in the diagnosis of glaucoma. Usually, it is used to measure the internal pressure of the eyes.
Following-up On The Optic Nerve
Sometimes, in the diagnosis of glaucoma it may be necessary to monitor the progress of the optic nerve. Usually, this would be achieved by taking photographs of the optic nerve.
With the photographs it will be easy to compare the progress of the optic nerve. Normally, this would be done over a period of time.
Pachymetry test is useful to measure the thinness of the cornea. Having a very thin cornea is a risk factor of glaucoma. This test would be instrumental in revealing whether your cornea is thinner than normal.
Detailed Medical Record
It will be necessary to understand the symptoms you are having. Also, the doctor would want to know if you have had a personal history of the disease. Again, the doctor would want to know if a close relative or family member has had the disease.
Furthermore, a holistic medical analysis and examination would be run. This would be done to check whether there are other health conditions affecting the eyes. Such other health conditions can include:
- High blood pressure
Prevention Of Glaucoma
There is no known method for the prevention of glaucoma. However, early diagnosis of the condition could help to reduce the risk of damaging the eye. Noticing glaucoma early would help to prevent permanent loss of vision. Also, it would help to slow it’s growth.
Howbeit, there are some steps you can take on your own to detect the condition early. These steps include:
Having proper record of family history
It is important to understand the history of the disease in your family tree. This is because the disease has been observed to run along the family line.
If the disease runs in your family then you may be at an increased risk. Consequently, it is important to keep a regular eye screening schedule.
Having a serious injury in the eye is a risk factor of glaucoma. As one of the ways for the prevention of glaucoma, you should wear protection for the eyes when necessary.
Such situations can include when making use of a power tool. Another such situation is when playing rockets within an enclosure.
Implementing safe exercising
Having a regular exercising schedule is one of the ways for the prevention of glaucoma. Exercising moderately can help to reduce the pressure of the eyes.
However, you should liaise with the doctor and a fitness expert over this. The duo would help to develop an exercising routine that will be appropriate for you.
Go for regular eye tests
This is one of the effective ways for the prevention of glaucoma. Having regular eye test can help to detect the condition early. If the condition is detected early the risk of permanent eye damage would be reduced significantly.
Below is a general guideline from the American Academy of Opthalmology for regular eye test:
You should go for regular eye tests:
- Every 5 to 10 years, if you are not up to 40
- Every 2 to 4 years, if you’re between the ages of 40 and 54
- Every 1 to 3 years if you are between the ages of 55 and 64
- Every 1 to 2 years if you are above the age of 65
In addition to this, for the prevention of glaucoma you might need a more frequent eye test. This would be in the case that you are at high risk. For instance, if it runs in your family.
Consequently, you should approach a doctor over this. The doctor will be instrumental in advising you on the proper screening schedule to adopt.
Take glaucoma eyedrops as prescribed
For the prevention of glaucoma it may become necessary to take prescribed eyedrops. This would reduce the risk of high pressure in the eyes.
This is because high pressure in the eye could lead to glaucoma. Therefore, taking eyedrops can reduce the risk.
Furthermore, prescription eye drops must be used on a regular basis. This includes situations where symptoms of the condition have not even been noticed.