treatments for kidney stones

Treatments For Kidney Stones

There are a lot of effective treatments for kidney stones. However, the treatments would depend on the type of kidney stone it is. Also, it would depend on the cause of it.

Small Stones

Small kidney stones only come with minimal symptoms. Consequently, the use of invasive treatments for kidney stones may not be necessary for this type. Small kidney stones can be passed away by:

Medical Therapy— there are some medications that could be used to pass kidney stones away. A medical doctor would be in the best position to recommend an appropriate one. This can be used as one of the treatments for kidney stones. The type of medication used for the treatment is called alpha blocker. This medication would work by relaxing the muscles of the ureter.

This would make it possible to pass the kidney stones away more quickly. Also, it would make it less painful. A very good example of this kind of medication is the combination of tamsulosin (Jalyn) and dutasteride. Again, another good example of an alpha blocker is tamsulosin (Flomax).

Pain Relievers— it could be painful to pass away kidney stones. Passing tiny kidney stones could create a lot of discomfort. As a result, the doctor could recommend pain killers or relievers. A good example of a pain reliever is naproxen sodium (Aleve). Another good example is naproxen sodium (Aleve).

Drinking Water— it is recommended to drink about 1.8 to 3.6 of water each day. This is about 2 to 3 quarts. This would keep your urine in a very dilute form. Consequently, it would be difficult for stones to form. This will be one of the most effective treatments for kidney stones. Therefore, you should drink enough fluid especially water daily. This would help to produce urine that is very clear or nearly clear.

Large Kidney Stones

Usually, the large stones are the ones that would come with a lot of symptoms. You should horridly seek effective treatments for kidney stones when there are large stones.

Kidney stones may become too large to pass out on their own. Again, they may cause bleeding and kidney damage. Also, they may bring about urinary tract infections. These kind of kidney stones may require treatments that are more extensive.

Procedures on the treatments for kidney stones that are large may include:

Use Of Sound Waves

use of sound waves for the treatment of kidney stones

Sometimes, the break up of kidney stones can be executed with the use of sound waves. However, this would depend on the size and location of the kidney stones. This procedure is known as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL).

ESWL is a procedure that utilizes sound waves. These sound waves create shock waves or strong vibrations. Eventually, these vibrations break the stones into tiny pieces. These tiny pieces of stones could then be past out through the urine. Usually, this procedure would take about 45 to 60 minutes. Also, it could cause some form of pain. Therefore, the use of anesthesia is advised.

However, there are some side effects associated with ESWL. It could make urine to be seen and the blood. Also, it could produce bruises on the abdomen or around the back. Again, it could produce bleeding in the kidney and other surrounding organs. Moreover, as the fragments of stone pass through the urinary tract a lot of discomfort could result.

Surgery For Kidney Stones

The very large stones in the kidney could be removed through surgery. So, surgery is one of the treatments for kidney stones. Usually, it is done through a process known as percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The kidney stones are removed with the use of small telescopes.

Related: Causes Of Kidney Stones: Symptoms, Types And Risk Factors

Furthermore, a little incision is made on the back through which tiny instruments are inserted in this process. Normally, you would have to be under general anaesthesia. Again, you may have to stay around in the hospital for about two days to recover. This would be one of the effective treatments for kidney stones if ESWL does not work.

Use Of Scope

Smaller kidney stones could be removed with the use of ureteroscope. Usually, this is a tube of thin light which contains a camera. It is passed into the ureters through the bladder and urethra.

The moment the stone is found, there are tools that are specially-adapted to divide them into tinier pieces. These tiny pieces of broken stones could then pass out through the urine.

After that the doctor would place a small tube called stent into the ureter. This would help to quicken healing. Also, this would relieve swelling. Local or general anaesthesia may be required throughout this process. Again, this process could be very effective as one of the treatments for kidney stones.

Parathyroid Gland Surgery

parathyroid glands surgery

When the parathyroid glands become over active they cause the production of calcium phosphate stones. These parathyroid glands are situated on the four corners of the thyroid gland. They are just immediately below the Adam’s apple.

The production of excess parathyroid hormones by these glands is known as hyperparathyroidism. Eventually, this results in calcium levels becoming higher than normal. Consequently, kidney stones could form.

Sometimes, when a small tumor develops on any of the parathyroid glands it could result to hyperparathyroidism. Also, it could be as a result of another health condition that leads to the secretion of excess parathyroid hormones.

Interestingly, if the overgrowth on the gland is removed, the formation of kidney stones could be halted. Again, it could become necessary to treat the health condition itself. Also, treating the condition causing the overproduction of the hormones could stop the formation of kidney stones. Again, this is one of the treatments for kidney stones.

So, undergoing parathyroid gland surgery in order to remove the overgrowth is not a bad option. However, care should be taken to ensure that the process is properly monitored. This should be done with the view to ensuring a neat surgical procedure. Therefore, this particular treatment should be considered.

Bottom Line

On a final note, these treatments for kidney stones should be properly weighed. They should be done with a view to choosing which would be best. The entire process for the treatments for kidney stones should be properly considered to minimise side-effects.

 

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